The Paleo Diet, or Paleolithic Diet, also called the Caveman Diet, is based on the principle that our body is designed for the same foods that our hunter gatherer ancestors used to eat. The diet is purported to reduce inflammation and reduce our chances of developing lifestyle diseases.
Due to modernization and the rise of agriculture and processed foods, there is a hypothesis that the digestive system of humans have yet to evolve to consume certain foods effectively, thus resulting in diseases such as obesity, heart disease, diabetes and cancer. The belief is that by switching to the original Caveman Diet, we can then reduce inflammation and ultimately reduce the chances of developing lifestyle diseases.
As this theory is relatively new, there are no long-term studies of people on the Paleo diet to substantiate any claims. As with all trending diets, the Paleo Diet has its fair share of controversy and criticism. However, a well-executed Caveman Diet can be nutritionally sound, low in carbohydrate calories and devoid of any processed foods.